WAWAN GUNAWAN, under supervision of S. Basuni, A.Indrawan , L.B. Prasetyo, and H. Soedjito.
Forest restoration is urgently needed to overcome deforestation & forest degradation within forest conservation areas. This study was aimed to create a model of policy on the restoration of conservation forest areas, among others by (1) formulation of criteria of areas that urgently be restored, (2) formulation of criteria of sites or parts of conservation areas to be restored, (3) determination of reference for restoration, (4) determination of selected priority species, and (5) implemented the model.
It employed some methods including survey by interview using questionnaire, field observation and literature study. The research reveals that there were eight criterias on the aspect of importance and seven criteria of urgency for a conservation area to be restored. There were ten criterias of sites or parts of conservation area that urgently need restoration. Each of these criteria included the aspects of biology, social-economy, and culture. The dimensions of restoration references include the richness of endemic flora species and the parameter of vegetative horizontal structure taken from the ecosystems or bioregions that the same those to be restored. The species were selected in accordance with the reference species that are capable to live and grow in the sites urgently requiring restoration. According to the criteria of conservation forest area that needs urgent restoration, the area of Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park (GGPNP) is classified as Priority III. The top priority of sites or parts of area of GGPNP that need urgent restoration were commonly located in the outer parts/edges of GGPNP area that consist of submontaine ecosystem. There are 78 tree species in the natural forest vegetation types in the submontaine ecosystem of GGPNP that becomes the restoration reference. The number of selected priority species for restoration activity in GGPNP is 15 tree species. The highest priority of restoration activity/action for the GGPNP area was artificial restoration by enrichment planting with an involvement of community.
Keywords: Model, policy, restoration, conservation forest
Corresponding Author : Wawan Gunawan <email@example.com>