Dissertation Seminar : Habitat Suitability Modeling of Javan Rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus Desmarest, 1822) in Ujung Kulon National Park)

U. Mamat Rahmat, Yanto Santosa, Lilik B. Prasetyo dan Agus P. Kartono

ABSTRACT

Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus Desmarest, 1822) is the rarest species among five species of rhino in the world. Distribution of javan rhino is limited in Ujung Kulon National Park, IndonesiaBecause of small population size and its limited distribution so is it listed in Redlist by the IUCN as critically endangered species. The main objectives of this research are: 1) to identify dominant habitat components that determine the presence of Javan Rhinoceros in UKNP, 2) to analyze habitat suitability of Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus Desmarest 1822) in UKNP using Geographical Information System. The results found that there were eight compnents identified to be the crucial for javan rhino habitat and appropriate for spatial modeling of habitat suitability, i.e. distance from the road patrol, distance from the wallow, distance from the river, distance from the beach, distance from the rumpang (open area), slope, elevation and leaf area index. The most dominant factor influencing the frequency of the javan rhino are slope, distance from the rumpang, distance from the wallow and distance from the beach (P<0,005; R2 81,14%). Spatial model of habitat suitability result 11% patches of low suitability, 23,7% patches of moderate suitability and 65,2% patches of high suitability.  The validity of the model was 88,57%.

Keywords: javan rhino, habitat suitability, preference,  spatial modeling

Seminar paper can be downloaded here [doc]

Corresponding author : U.Mamat Rahmat Rahmat <umat_rahmat@yahoo.com>;

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